When to See a GI Specialist for Gastric Issues

For those who are experiencing gastrointestinal (GI) issues, it is important to receive the right support. The digestive tract is complex, and many symptoms may indicate disease. Although an individual might contact a primary care physician (PCP) at the first signs of gastric issues, a gastroenterologist may be required for proper GI treatment.

Should I See a PCP or Gastroenterologist?

There are far-flung differences between gastroenterologists and PCPs. Gastroenterology is a medical field that focuses on the treatment of GI issues. A gastroenterologist has an in-depth understanding of the physiology of the GI organs and the digestion and absorption of nutrients in the body.

 

Digestive diseases can disrupt daily life and gastric symptoms often are associated with underlying medical conditions. A gastroenterologist possesses comprehensive GI expertise, and as such, can help a patient identify and address the underlying causes of GI conditions. Plus, a gastroenterologist’s expertise enables him or her to detect and treat diseases in a number of areas of the body, including:

  •         Esophagus
  •         Liver
  •         Gallbladder
  •         Stomach
  •         Small intestine
  •         Pancreas
  •         Bile ducts
  •         Colon

 

In most instances, patients are referred to a gastroenterologist by a PCP. They may be referred to a gastroenterologist for many reasons, including:

  •   Esophageal pain
  •  Abdominal pain or bloating
  •  Vomiting
  •   Excessive gas or belching
  •   Diarrhea
  •   Dark urine
  •   Rectal bleeding   
  • Loss of appetite or weight

5 GI Conditions Treated by a Gastroenterologist

There are various GI conditions that may require treatment from a gastroenterologist. Here are five GI conditions that are frequently treated by gastroenterologists.

  1. Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)

GERD is a chronic digestive system disease. It causes acids and other contents of the stomach to back up. This results in irritation of sensitive tissues in the esophagus.

The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases estimates GERD affects approximately 20% of the U.S. population. GERD can impact anyone, at any time. However, those who most often develop GERD are:

  • Overweight or obese
  • Pregnant
  • Taking certain types of medicines, such as antihistamines, painkillers, sedatives or anti-depressants
  • Smokers or individuals regularly exposed to secondhand smoke

Common GERD symptoms include bad breath, nausea, chest pain and vomiting. An individual may be able to address initial GERD symptoms with over-the-counter medications or dietary changes. Conversely, if GERD symptoms persist, a gastroenterologist may be required. This specialist can perform tests to identify and diagnose GERD. If GERD is confirmed, a gastroenterologist will evaluate long-term treatment options with a patient.

  1. Celiac Disease

Celiac disease refers to an immune reaction that occurs when individuals consume gluten, a protein found in barley, rye and wheat. For those with Celiac disease, gluten triggers an immune response in the small intestine. This results in damage to the small intestine’s lining over time.

Celiac disease is difficult to diagnose in kids and adults. It may cause fatigue, diarrhea, weight loss and other health complications. The disease also causes symptoms unrelated to the digestive system, such as anemia, mouth ulcers and joint pain.

Treating Celiac disease can be tough. The only known treatment to the disease is adhering to a gluten-free diet. And if Celiac disease symptoms go unaddressed over an extended period of time, long-term health conditions like gallbladder malfunction and lactose intolerance may develop.

A gastroenterologist will run tests to diagnose Celiac disease. Typically, this specialist will assess a patient’s medical history, perform blood tests and learn about a patient’s symptoms. If the gastroenterologist determines Celiac disease is the cause of a patient’s GI problems, he or she can help this individual implement a gluten-free diet.

  1. Colon Polyps

A colon polyp is a cluster of cells that develops on the lining of the colon. Oftentimes, a colon polyp is harmless. Yet some colon polyps may develop into colon cancer over time.

Most colon polyps are non-neoplastic and do not become cancerous. On the other hand, neoplastic polyps are adenomatous (consist of glandular tissue) or serrated (have a saw-like appearance). Adenomatous and serrated polyps are precancerous, and people with these types of polyps are at greater risk than others of developing cancer.

Colon polyps rarely, if ever, produce symptoms until they grow. They may be identified during a colonoscopy, a procedure that is used to evaluate the colon with a flexible fiber-optic scope. A colonoscopy may be performed under sedation and is virtually painless for most patients.

A gastroenterologist may use a colonoscopy to remove colon polyps. If the colon polyp is small enough, a gastroenterologist may be able to remove it with forceps. Or, a gastroenterologist may use a wire-loop device or laser-like device to eliminate a large colon polyp. After a colon polyp is removed, it will be sent to a pathologist for further evaluation.

  1. Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)

IBD consists of several intestinal disorders that cause inflammation of the digestive tract. The two most common intestinal disorders associated with IBD are:

  •         Crohn’s Disease: Causes inflammation that may appear anywhere in the GI tract from the mouth to the anus.
  •         Ulcerative Colitis: Affects the colon and rectum and causes inflammation on the innermost lining of the large intestine.

The cause of IBD is unknown. Studies have shown an individual may be more likely than others to develop IBD if his or her parents previously dealt with the disease. Meanwhile, IBD may impact those who experience digestive tract inflammation, even if there is no infection that causes the inflammation. In this instance, the immune system attacks its own cells, which may cause digestive tract inflammation that lingers for many months or years.

A gastroenterologist may perform multiple tests to make an IBD diagnosis. Both a colonoscopy and cross-sectional imaging may be used to evaluate the colon or upper GI tract. Furthermore, blood tests may be administered to detect markers commonly linked to IBD. A gastroenterologist may request a physical exam and evaluate a patient’s medical history, too.  

  1. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

IBS, also known as a spastic colon, is a GI disorder characterized by a variety of symptoms. These include:

  •  Bloating
  •  Gas
  •  Food intolerance
  •  Cramping
  •   Abdominal pain

There is no surefire cause of IBS, but several risk factors have been linked to the condition. Common IBS risk factors include:

  •  Food sensitivities: Occur due to acids in food or poor absorption of sugars.
  •  Gastroenteritis (stomach flu): Bacterial infection of the intestines and stomach.
  •  Hypersensitivity to pain: Caused by a full bowel or gas.

A gastroenterologist may perform an upper endoscopy or colonoscopy to provide an IBS diagnosis. This specialist can then help a patient determine the best way to manage IBS symptoms. They can treat a wide range of GI issues and are equipped to perform many GI procedures. These procedures include:

  • Colonoscopy: Endoscopic examination of the large intestine and the distal part of the small bowel. A colonoscopy offers a visual diagnosis of ulcers, tumors and areas of inflammation or bleeding.
  • Polypectomy: Procedure to eliminate polyps from the colon. A polypectomy is non-invasive and may be completed at the same time as a colonoscopy.
  • Upper Endoscopy: Procedure that provides a view of the upper part of a patient’s GI tract. A gastroenterologist can use an upper endoscopy to visualize the esophagus, stomach and duodenum and diagnose and treat upper GI tract conditions.
  • Flexible Sigmoidoscopy: Procedure that transmits a video image from inside the colon to a computer screen. With a flexible sigmoidoscopy, a gastroenterologist can biopsy abnormal-looking tissues, identify inflamed tissues and diagnose changes in bowel habits, abdominal pain, bleeding from the anus and weight loss.
  • Capsule Endoscopy: Diagnostic procedure used to evaluate the digestive tract. Capsule endoscopy is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and allows a gastroenterologist to detect and treat disorders of the small intestine.

Many gastroenterologists are available in the Los Angeles area, but not all of these GI specialists are created equal. When it comes to finding the best support with GI issues, there may be no better option than working with the specialists at LA Peer Health Systems.

The LA Peer Health Systems Gastroenterology Department employs a team of expert gastroenterologists and surgeons, including gastroenterologist Dr. Tabib. In fact, this team both diagnoses and treats chronic digestive conditions and performs non-emergency procedures.

There is no need to wait to treat your GI issues. To find out more about how LA Peer Health Systems can help you address GI conditions, please call (855) 360-9119 and ask to speak with our Department of Gastroenterology.

Do You Have Blood in Your Stools?

Blood in stools can give you a good scare. The good news is that it is not always indicative of a serious health problem. Still, it is important to see your doctor so that diagnostic tests can determine if the blood is a symptom of a potentially serious health concern.

The simplest explanation for blood in your stools is bleeding somewhere in the digestive tract. Your doctor or gastroenterologist can help determine where the bleeding originates.

Keep in mind that not all blood in stools is visible to the naked eye. Whereas some people can see blood after wiping on their toilet paper, others can only be detected by a test that finds hidden blood in stools. Sometimes, bleeding occurs high enough up in the digestive tract that stools appear black and tarry. If you notice any of these symptoms, please notify your doctor.

Possible Health Problems Linked to Blood in Stools

  • Hemorrhoids
  • Anal fissures
  • Cancer
  • Colitis
  • Intestinal problems
  • Polyps
  • Ulcers

There are several tests your doctor may recommend to diagnose bloody stools including:

  • EGD
  • Colonoscopy
  • Capsule Endoscopy

For an EGD, your doctor inserts a flexible tube with a small camera attached to the end through the mouth and down the esophagus into the stomach. This can also be used to collect small tissue samples for a biopsy.

A colonoscopy is very similar to an EGD only in reverse. This time the tube is inserted through the anus and it allows the doctor to see the entire large intestine (colon). Tissue samples can also be collected to biopsy.

A capsule endoscopy is a procedure which entails swallowing a pill-sized capsule with a tiny camera. Images are sent via blue tooth to a belt worn by the patient as the capsule passes through the digestive tract. The purpose of this test is to visualize the small intestine / small bowel.

With all of these diagnostic tools, your doctor should be able to diagnose if any serious problems are causing blood in your stools. Just know that it is very important to see a doctor as soon as possible so that you can catch problems earlier — when they are more treatable – than later.

If you notice blood in your stools, contact the Department of Gastroenterology at La Peer Health Systems in Beverly Hills at (855) 360-9119.

Baseball Players and Shoulder Injuries

Should pain is a common problem for baseball players. The throwing motion used in baseball is unnatural and causes great strain on throwing shoulders. Softball’s windmill motion, conversely, is a much more natural throwing motion, causing far less strain and allowing players to pitch far more often.

Our Beverly Hills orthopedic surgeons see a lot of patients with shoulder injuries. The Southern California climate allows for baseball to be played year-round, putting thousands of shoulders at risk for injury 12 months of the year — as opposed to just half the year in other more temperate areas of the country.

How Do Shoulder Injuries Occur?

The shoulder is a ball-and-socket joint where the collar bone (clavicle), upper arm bone (humerus) and shoulder blade (scapula). The joint is stabilized by soft tissue, which includes static stabilizers like the shoulder capsule ligaments and labrum cartilage as well as dynamic stabilizers such as the rotator cuff muscles. These stabilizing elements work together to allow for a throwing motion. When some of these stabilizers are too loose or too tight, the balance is thrown off and tears can occur in the soft tissue.

The act of throwing a baseball is broken down into 5 parts:

  • 1. Wind up
  • 2. Cocking
  • 3. Acceleration
  • 4. Deceleration
  • 5. Follow-through

The shoulder ball (humeral head) fits loosely in the socket (glenoid), giving us all unrestricted movement in our shoulder joints. This does not come without a few drawbacks. While baseball players can bring their arms back as far as they want during the cocking stage and throw with great acceleration, this is all predicated on shoulder stability being maintained by a group of relatively weak soft tissue structures. As such, these ligaments and muscles are under tremendous stress during the act of throwing a baseball. Since pitchers throw with high or max velocity often in excess of 100 repetitions (pitches) during a game, this stress leads to a lot of shoulder injuries in the sport of baseball.

The most common types of serious shoulder injuries are as follows:

  • Torn rotator cuff
  • Torn labrum
  • Broken growth plates in the humerus for young players who are still growing

Common symptoms of a shoulder injury are a decrease in velocity, pain while throwing or after throwing, and the sensation of a shoulder that feels loose like it is coming out of the socket.

Ways You Can Avoid Shoulder Injuries in Pitchers

Since shoulder injuries are often caused by high stress for a high number of repetitions, the simplest solution is to decrease both of those factors. The first way to limit the chances of a shoulder injury is to avoid reaching a high pitch count. The second is to limit the throwing of curveballs and/or sliders because both pitches require additional strain. Both of these are especially important for young players with still-developing arms.

Even with these limitations, shoulder injuries can and will still occur. The best way to limit injuries to strains before they become full-blow tears or breaks is to keep an eye out for the symptoms. Baseball coaches of all levels need to be aware of the warning signs, which include (but are not limited to):

  • Velocity decrease
  • Loss of stamina
  • Poor throwing mechanics
  • Shoulder pain

If any of these symptoms occur, the best thing you can do is shut the pitcher down for a few weeks until the symptoms go away. If symptoms continue to persist, an orthopedist might recommend surgery as an option. The recovery time for shoulder surgery is usually about three months, but pitchers have an eight month-to-a-year recovery timeframe until they will regain their full shoulder strength and pitch velocity.

If you or your child has been experiencing shoulder pain before, after or during throwing exercises, contact the La Peer Department of Orthopedic Surgery & Sports Medicine today at (855) 360-9119 to schedule an examination.

Benefits of Minimally Invasive Thyroid Surgery

One of the benefits of scheduling your surgery with the Department of Otolaryngology (Ear, Nose, and Throat) at La Peer Health Systems in Beverly Hills is that you will be undergoing a state-of-the-art procedure performed by one of the country’s best surgeons. One of these procedures is minimally invasive thyroid surgery.

What Is the Thyroid?

Your thyroid controls how quickly the body uses energy, makes proteins, and controls how sensitive the body is to other hormones. It is located in the neck below the thyroid cartilage. There are three common medical conditions associated with the thyroid that may require surgery:

  • Hyperthyroidism: overactive production of the thyroid hormone.
  • Hypothyroidism: underproduction of the thyroid hormone.
  • Thyroid nodules: lumps or nodules that develop on the thyroid and these can be either single lumps or multiple nodules as well as benign or malignant.

What Is Minimally Invasive Surgery?

Minimally invasive surgery is a procedure that is less invasive than open surgery but used for the same purpose. A minimally invasive thyroidectomy (MIT) is considerably less traumatic than a regular thyroidectomy, and yet the benefits of the minimally invasive surgery are equal to traditional thyroid surgery. Less risk and equal reward makes MIT procedures ideal for our ear, nose and throat doctors to perform on patients.

Developed in the late 1990s and early 2000s, minimally invasive procedures for thyroidectomy require merely a small incision. This minimizes pain and discomfort after surgery, improves cosmetic results and reduces the duration of hospital stays.

The benefits of MIT include:

  • Less pain and pain medications
  • Quick recovery
  • Minimally invasive
  • Small incision
  • Minimal blood loss
  • No drains used

If you think you have a thyroid condition, or if your endocrinologist has recommended you need thyroid surgery, please contact our Beverly Hills Otolaryngologists; at La Peer today at (855) 360-9119 or click here to learn more about our esteemed Head & Neck Surgery department.

Did You Know Our Doctors Perform Revision Nose Jobs?

Not every nose job procedure is successful. In fact, about 10 percent of people who have received the procedure will go back for a secondary or revision surgery. This makes revision nose jobs a very popular form of cosmetic surgery.

Nose jobs, medically referred to as rhinoplasty, are procedures that aesthetically or functionally change the nose. Most people undergo rhinoplasty to reduce a bump, reshape the tip of the nose, or reshape a broken nose.

Despite the procedures popularity, rhinoplasty is a difficult procedure. Sometimes patients are dissatisfied with how their nose looks after surgery or there could be complications such as difficulty breathing. This is where La Peer Health Systems sets itself apart from other cosmetic surgery options.

Our surgeons are specialized facial plastic surgeons in Beverly Hills that only perform surgery in the head and neck region. (Regular cosmetic surgeons perform surgery on different parts of the body and do not specialize in the head and neck exclusively.) Many cosmetic surgeons do not take into account how noses can vary between different ethnicities, but we do. Our surgeons have performed nose jobs on people of all races, and we pride ourselves on that ability.

Our surgeons possess knowledge of the anatomy and aesthetics of the nose and provide patients with a nose job that results in a natural look that is well-proportioned to the rest of the face. Obviously, you want your rhinoplasty done right the first time — and that is always the goal of our surgeons — yet if you are not satisfied with your original procedure, we are confident that we can perform your revision nose job with stellar results. Revision surgeries are also more complex than the original procedure, so why waste such an important procedure to anyone less than qualified?

To find out more information about a potential revision nose job, contact the Beverly Hills facial plastic surgeons at La Peer Health Systems today at (855) 360-9119.

Eye Injuries from Fireworks Caused by Shrapnel

The Fourth of July and fireworks go hand in hand. Unfortunately, many people suffer eye injuries while detonating fireworks during the festive holiday. More than 2,000 firework related eye injuries are reported each year, ranging from minor scratches to complete loss of sight. Many of these people make their way into the office of an eye doctor known as an ophthalmologist.

Some scientists believe that these eye injuries are caused by pressure waves from the explosions, while others claim it is exploding shrapnel that causes the eyes to rupture or bleed. However, according to a recent issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association (AMA), it is shrapnel and not pressure waves that are causing the rash of injuries.

“This, for the first time, scientifically proves that you have to have the impact from an object such as a bottle rocket to cause serious eye injuries,” said Stefan Duma, who led the new research. “If you remove the projectile, you dramatically reduce the risk.”

For the study, Duma’s team used human eyes from a cadaver eye bank in North Carolina. Instrumentation was placed in the eyes and detonated explosives that mimicked firecrackers at various distances from the eye. The results showed that blast damage to the eye was limited to merely surface scratches at the closest distance, which was about three inches away. High-speed cameras showed these scratches were caused by unspent gunpowder that shot into the eyeball after the blast.

Though imperfect, this study still gives us a better understanding of how these eye injuries occur.

If you have sustained an eye injury after detonating fireworks, please contact our Beverly Hills ophthalmologists at La Peer Health Systems at 855-360-9119.

What is a Bunion?

A bunion is a bony bump on the inside of your foot caused by a deformity of bone and soft tissue that occurs at the joint between the big toe, or hallux, and the first bone in the foot called the first metatarsal. The point where these two bones meet is called the MTP joint. Bunions are typically painful and may be unsightly.

Bunions are primarily inherited — meaning they run infamilies — and may be irritated or made worse by pressure from shoes. There are several techniques used to repair a bunion, but a common procedure used by our Beverly Hills podiatrists, a bunionectomy, removes the bunion and realigns the joint to relieve foot pain.

How Does a Bunion Form?

A variety of foot structure abnormalities that typically involve tendons and ligaments around the joint may cause the big toe to be gradually pulled towards the second toe. The head of the first metatarsal bone sticks out, resulting in a bunion that gets worse over time. The tendons or ligaments that pull on the toe incorrectly may become overstretched and weak or tight and thickened, and are often associated with swelling and pain. Additionally, a water tight sac, surrounding the joint, called the bursa, typically becomes swollen, resulting in a larger bump and increased tenderness.

Treatment Options: Bunionectomy

There are a variety of bunionectomy procedures, which generally include a combination of techniques to achieve the final result. Your La Peer podiatrist will find out which procedure and options are best for you based on your specific condition. In this case, we will discuss the bunionectomy procedure.

Bunionectomies can be performed at our Beverly Hills outpatient surgery center, where you will be permitted to go home the day of the surgery. While you are under anesthesia, your surgeon will make an incision on the top of your big toe or on the side of your foot to expose the MTP joint. The bump is removed first and, typically, a small wedge of bone is also removed from the 1st metatarsal in order to realign the joint. The bone is held in its new position with screws, pins or plates. Additionally, loose ligaments or tendons need to be shortened or tight tendons or ligaments need to be lengthened by cutting or repositioning of them.

For those that have had previous bunion surgery, any damaged portion of the joint may also need to be removed. Once all repairs and adjustments have been made, the incision will be closed with sutures and a bandage will be wrapped around your foot.

Typical recovery time from a bunionectomy is a few weeks. You may need to use crutches or a walking boot for a few weeks following surgery, and your La Peer physician will advise you on when you may resume other activities.

If you have a bulging bump on the outside of your big toe that is causing persistent or intermittent pain, please schedule a consultation with our Beverly Hills podiatrist Dr. Jamshidinia by calling (855) 360-9119.

Pain Reliever For The Knee

Researchers recently studied 54 clinical trials and found that injecting hyaluronic acid into the knee offers better pain relief than acetaminophen, anti-inflammatory drugs, and even steroids. Hyaluronic acid is a natural lubricant of the joint.

Hyaluronic acid, which essentially helps the skin retain moisture, has also been used as a pain reliever for those suffering from osteoarthritis of the knee.

Hyaluronic acid carries fewer and less severe side effects than some of the medications typically used to reduce pain caused by wear and tear in the knee.

In light of recent findings, the hyaluronic acid is now likely to be considered a legitimate option to other medications. It might have been used as a last resort in the past, but that is now likely to change.

If you are considering this treatment or would like to know more about knee related injuries and treatments, please give our Beverly Hills orthopedic surgeons a call at (855) 360-9119 or send an email to info@lapeerhealth.com.

Serious Injuries for Olympic Athletes

With the 30th Summer Olympic Games in London, England fast approaching, our Beverly Hills orthopedic surgeons at La Peer would like to point out some common injuries associated with Olympic athletes. By being aware of the potential consequences, you might be able to avoid one of these serious injuries:

Broken Bones

There is only so much strain that our bones are willing to handle, but athletes succeed by pushing those boundaries to their limit. As a consequence, bones break but not all bones break evenly. The difference between a small, hairline fracture and a gruesome dislocation could be the difference between being out of action for a few weeks or possibly the end of an Olympian’s illustrious career.

Ligament and Tendon Injuries

While your muscles grow and expand when you work out, your tendons and ligaments remain at about the same size. For Olympic athletes, with bodies under seemingly constant training and exercise, ligaments and tendons can sprain or tear at a moment’s notice. While some ligaments in the wrist or hand can be played through pain, an ACL (anterior cruciate ligament) tearor a torn Achilles tendon will likely keep an athlete out of competition for six months to a year.

Head Injuries

Concussions and traumatic brain injuries can end an athlete’s career in a moment. Not only that, lifetime of medical care might even be necessary because such an injury could take away brain function. Boxers are acutely affected by head injuries, in addition to athletes from both contact and non-contact sports. The best way to prevent a concussion or another brain injury is to wear a helmet.

Neck Injuries

Of the nearly 10,000 serious neck injuries in the U.S. each year, about 1,000 cases result from accidents during sports. Common injuries include strained or sprained cervical spines with symptoms ranging from tightness on one side of the neck to painor even reduced motion. More rare and serious injuries could result in temporary or permanent paralysis. This is why athletes that suffer high-energy trauma to the head or neck are treated on the assumption that a serious cervical spine injury or broken neck has occurred. If first responders or athletic trainers employ proper management on-scene and proper care can be administered, the long-term damage of a catastrophic injury might be limited.

If you have suffered any of the above injuries while playing sports, please schedule a consultation with one of our orthopedists by calling (855) 360-9119.

Top 5 running related injuries

There are plenty of benefits of running. Danish researchers found that those who run at least an hour a week add an average of six years to their life. It improves your health, prevents diseases, relieves stress, and boosts confidence. But if you are not careful, running can be quite painful.

Here are five of the most common running related injuries that our sports medicine doctors have encountered:

1. Shin Splints

Have you ever experienced a shooting pain near the front or sides of one or both shins? Well, then you have most definitely had shin splints, or “tibial stress syndrome”.  If you want to prevent the injury make sure you stretch frequently, and focus on exercises like toe raises and shin stretches.

2. Plantar Fasciitis

This is an inflammation of a fibrous band of tissue in the bottom of the foot that extends from the heel bone to the toes, and is usually caused by placing too much stress on the bottom of the foot. To avoid inflammations like this, make sure you stretch before and after every run, wear supportive running shoes, and know your boundaries and limits.

3. Achilles Tendonitis

Stretch regularly and use arch supports if you want to avoid this inflammation of the large tendon in the back of the lower calf. This is a very common injury for runners, and is caused by a lack of flexibility.

4. Stress Fracture

These stress fractures are like any other fractures in the body and require 8-10 weeks to heal completely, but can be prevented by modifying running equipment or training regimens.  Symptoms include localized pain and swelling, and the fracture is usually caused by repetitive force to a specific area. Stress fractures are common among all athletes, both amateur and professional.

5. Morton´s Neuroma

Numbness in the toes, pain in the ball of the foot, and a stinging pain in the forefoot are all signs of Morton´s Neuroma. Runners who wear tight-fitting shoes often experience this condition. To minimize your chances of injuring yourself, make sure you wear proper running shoes that have a roomy toe box, and do not lace your shoes too tightly in the forefoot.

If you would like to know more about running injuries, preventative methods, or treatment options, feel free to give us a call at (855) 360-9119 to contact a sports medicine doctor in Beverly Hills.

Females Are 4 to 8 Times More at Risk Then Men To Suffer ACL Injury

Females Are 4 to 8 Times More at Risk Then Men To Suffer ACL Injury

With the increased popularity of women’s sports and the new generation of aspiring female athletes, there has been a rise in female sports participation.  However, the increase in sports has also shown that females have a higher risk of damaging or tearing their ACL.

The ACL (anterior cruciate ligament) is a ligament found in the knee.  It is strong and one of the four primary ligaments that help stabilize and pivot the knee joint.  The ACL plays a vital roll in sports like basketball, hockey, soccer or any sport that requires quick bursts of speed and quick stop-and-go movements and pivots.

Injuries to the ACL are extremely common in sports and, as a result, ACL reconstruction is a specialty of our Beverly Hills sports medicine doctors.

Studies show that women (especially adolescent females) are 4 to 8 times more likely to injure their ACL compared to males. This difference in risk of injury is most likely due to the hormonal differences and anatomical differences between men and women. For example, women have a wider pelvis, which causes more pressure towards the inside of the knee and an increased pressure on the ACL.

Furthermore, research shows that women have a slower response time (a millisecond longer) for the stabilizing muscles in their knee to respond. This millisecond may result in landing improperly and resulting in injury.

Most experts say women can do four things to help them reduce their risk of ACL injury:

  • Avoid landing on a straight knee
  • Strength training, especially in the legs and core
  • Proper footwear
  • Balance, speed and plyometric training

If young female athletes are able to go through the proper training and correct their neuromuscular control and mechanics, studies have shown a 70% to 80% decrease in ACL injuries.  Nearly equaling the likelihood to get an ACL injury as their male counterparts.

Colonoscopy Proven More Accurate Than CT Scans

Colonoscopy Proven More Accurate Than CT ScansMore than 103,000 new cases of colon cancer will be diagnosed this year and roughly 50,000 people will die as a direct result of suffering from colon cancer. What most people don’t know is, many of the deaths could have been prevented by screening. Because nobody should be dying of colon cancer, the key is getting people involved in screening.

A recent study compared two screening methods, Computed tomography (CT) scans and standard colonoscopy with laxatives. CT scans found polyps at a size most likely to turn cancerous in 91 percent of patients, compared with 95% of patients identified using standard colonoscopy.  CT scan screening detected 20 out of 22 confirmed lesions that were 10 millimeters or greater in size, while the standard colonoscopy found 21 out of 22. Moreover, the CT scan was not as good at finding smaller polyps, identifying 59% of lesions 6 millimeters or bigger. Meanwhile, the standard colonoscopy identified 76%.

With colonoscopy having a higher rate of polyp detection, particularly with detecting smaller polyps, patients are better off having a colonoscopy. A procedure that is unable to identify smaller polyps will not be a tool that experts will consider good enough to use on patients, especially not when considering the fact many patients want smaller polyps removed.
In our opinion, patients should opt for a colonoscopy because it provides better screening results. A CT colongraphy should be thought as an alternative for patients who are found not the a candidate for conventional colonoscopy.

If you would like a colonoscopy or are actively considering one, schedule a consultation with us today by calling (855) 360-9119.